Bush trees are similar in form to standards and semi-standards but are smaller.
The technique of training apples on wires as cordons allows a number of different varieties to be planted in a small space.
For the gardener with a small garden who likes to grow apples on a tree, the dwarf pyramid offers the ideal solution.
An apple espalier can be created against either a wall or fence or free-standing against wires.
Fans are an attractive way of growing apples against walls or large fences.
This form of training and pruning is derived from commercial practice.