Pruning is one of those jobs that most gardeners either hate or are frightened of – or both!
The most essential tool is a good pair of secateurs.
Shrubs and trees have been traditionally shaped into decorative forms.
In smaller gardens there may not be room to accommodate large structures that can support roses.
Sometimes it is necessary to create a vertical accent somewhere in a border, or even in the garden as a whole.
Both climbers and ramblers look sensational trained over a structure of some kind.
Roses on trellis can be seen from both sides and create a very effective screen between two areas in a garden.
There are few more glorious sights than a large tree filled to overflowing with a rose in full bloom.
There are certain shrubs that, while not strictly climbers, look good when trained against walls.
Today, they are grown by discriminating gardeners who have enough room for them.
Pruning wisteria causes most gardeners more anguish than any other climber. In fact all you need to remember it needs pruning twice a year.
The initial training of an evergreen tree is not a great deal different to that of deciduous trees.